Development aspirations of nations has resulted in rapid industrialisation, with resultant pressure on limited fossil fuel resources and increasing emission of green house gases. Growing global climate concerns have thrown open wide ranging and complex arguments, ‘conventional fuel’ v.‘renewable energy’, ‘climate obligations’ v.‘sustainable development’, ‘investment on expensive renewable energy technology’ v.‘expenditure on basic social welfare’ and so on.
There are no easy solutions to the issues at hand, yet it is widely appreciated that long term innovative strategies on sustainable development with a wide scope of social inclusion, employment generation, energy access & security and climate safeguards need to be adopted. Renewable energy is an apt and clean substitute for limited fossil fuels as also holdthe key to social inclusion requirement of sustainable development.
The renewable energy technologies and compatible infrastructure, in this regard, are likely to be the potential solution for future energy requirements and sustainable development. Various renewable energy sources such as wind, photovoltaic cell,hydropower,